A violin will need a tuning fork, string pegs, tension dial, and adjustment tools on the string table before tuning to a note. The tuning fork is needed to measure the string tension. This is important because when the strings are adjusted, the strings will not pitch up unless the fork is adjusted.
When performing a lesson, a teacher or staff member will likely be seated in front of the students and will have an instrument in front of them. The teacher may be adjusting the instrument before the players come onstage and must adjust the tuning fork before the instruments are played.
The instrument must be mounted on the table properly and may be mounted on the table by a teacher or staff member. A stool must be available so that the instrument or stool can be positioned on various positions on the table. There are also some instruments that need to be lowered on a stool. This is not important for violin making but does occur on many instruments.
To tune the viola, start with the tuning fork and adjust the tension, or string pressure, by adding or subtracting a single number to the number listed in the “Tune in” section of the Instruction booklet available from your teacher. Then apply the number of frets to be tuned and continue. Be sure to adjust the instrument to the appropriate pitch.
As you play the viola, take care to play the instrument from a high position on the instrument. There are also two types of notes on the violin. Low, soft notes are used to begin the course of performance. The lower note will play a very subtle, low note, which is the beginning of a note on the violin. High, heavier notes are used to finish a course of performance. It is very important to use the correct tension for the instrument. High tension notes can ruin the sound, thus ruining the course of performance.
How do I adjust the tension of my violin?
While you are watching the instrument play, hold the instrument slightly off center. When the instrument begins to play, lower the instrument with tension, or force, until the notes that it plays begin to sound like notes from the “Tune in” section of the Instruction booklet. For example, you could play a note, “C, D, Eb, Am,” and then lower the string up until it begins to sound like note A in the “Tune in” section of the Instruction booklet. When the instruments are set for the correct fingering, tighten the tension to the maximum possible tension required