According to William Roulette, it was a game in which two people had to decide if a ball was white or red.
The first person to hit the ball got the reward, and if he missed it, it became black, while the player who missed it got roulette’s black ball.
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The story of Roulette first appeared in a 19th century pamphlet
Roulette’s origin comes from a Russian text called the Kalynaga, the name of a family of thieves who used dice as a form of gambling before the 18th Century. In it, Roulette is played as a game of chance, with four options – white or red; black, black and red; and roulette, which is a game of chance where a ball is rolled and the player with the most points after rolling is the winner.
Roulette has since been adopted and developed into card games which are increasingly popular.
In America, Roulette was introduced into the American cards game Poker by William S. Silas in the 1950s, and has also had an influence in various European games such as Hearts and Knights Knights.
Why is it known as Roulette?
It has always been an important part of US-Canadian relations, and US diplomats and soldiers would play roulette when training in Canada between the 1880s and 1920s. The country also has an unofficial code name which dates to the 19th Century – Roulette’s name comes from the way the game can be played in French: the American “railing au roulette” means “piling up the dice” or “crushing the dice into bits”.
Image copyright Getty Images
How has Roulette developed?
In the 20th Century, when the British had occupied France, Roulette’s popularity declined after the French government banned it.
One of the key developments was in the early 1980s when a group of American mathematicians, led by mathematician John Campbell, developed a new version based on computer gambling. They invented Roulette, which is now the most popular choice of roulette in the US.
The American version of the game has been in use in the US since the mid-1990s. But in Europe, roulette is only popular among professional gamblers – those who gamble heavily with black or white coins – and not among the general public.
How popular is Roulette in Australia?
The game is played by roughly